Friday, April 18, 2008

Addressing Psychosocial Problems at Work

Probst, T.M. et al. (2008). A preliminary evaluation of SOLVE: Addressing Psychosocial Problems at Work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, Vol. 13, No. 1, 32-42.

SOLVE is a workplace intervention program implemented by many companies worldwide which aims to address the interrelated issues of job stress, workplace violence, tobacco use, drug and alcohol abuse, and HIV/AIDS. Psychosocial issues tend to coexist, e.g. stress leads to workplace hostility which spills over into home life and often results in poor coping strategies. SOLVE is based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) models, which believe that behavior is influenced by cognitions, knowledge is necessary for behavioral change, and both are broadly influenced by dynamic interactions between numerous forces. Therefore, SOLVE attempts to make individuals aware of threats and their consequences, make them aware of benefits of the touted strategies, and provide specific information for tackling the health-related issues, while being both person- and organization-directed. Although SOLVE is used widely, its efficacy has not been evaluated. Current studies demonstrate improvements in knowledge among participants across locale which is encouraging. However, they do not assess attitudinal or behavioral changes, or bottom-line benefits to the organization.

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